How to prevent stings
To prevent bites to people and their dogs and / or cats it is possible to carry out the “flea treatment” on your pets during the summer. This treatment is normally also effective against other groups of bloodsucking parasitic arthropods vectors of pathogens. The so-called “anti-flea” products (which vary from formulated with a substantially repellent action to real insecticides) are normally found on the market in specialized shops and / or department stores etc. The “anti-flea” formulations should be chosen and used on the recommendation / advice of the trusted veterinarian (who, knowing the health of the animals to be treated, can evaluate any specific risks related to the “anti-flea” product);
In case of infestation (because the presence of fleas is not always identifiable through the finding of adults, larvae, droppings) it is necessary to “clean up” the kennels in advance (clean the inside with a vacuum cleaner and wash any litter at 60 ° C, etc.) ; while in the presence of some “suspicious bites” it will be necessary to implement the cleaning of kennels and litter boxes with an insecticidal treatment of the same and subsequent washing, after a few hours from the treatment, to remove the residues of insecticide (in order to reduce the possibility of chemical contamination of people and pets present there);
How to prevent infestations
When, inside a home, the probability of a cat or human flea infestation is significant (in Italy they are the two species with the greatest pest capacity and correlated health risk), it is necessary to “prevent” by implementing, with care, frequent cleaning of housing structures and those for the shelter of pets (kennels, kennels etc.)
- in carefully removing dirt and dust, with normal liquid detergents, all the most difficult points must be reached (for example a) under, above and behind furniture and equipment and furnishings; b) inside the shelves and cabinet doors; c) under the sofas and sofa cushions etc.);
- in the rooms at greatest risk of flea infestation, the weekly use of a vacuum cleaner (possibly equipped with an anti-mite filter) is particularly useful for cleaning sofas, mattresses, pillows, cushions, carpets, carpets, curtains, fabrics and the like and also for vacuum in the cracks present between the skirting board, the floor and the walls, as well as behind the strips (of doors, windows, furniture, etc.);
- the washing of household linen and the bedding of pets etc. must also be carried out at least once a week. favouring the use of laundry resistant to washing in the washing machine with medium-strong programs at a temperature of 60 ° C
If you have problems with fleas
Your dog and / or cat live in the house with you and have signs * 1 of a flea infestation (or are at risk of infestation). * 1 reference to “What are the signs of the presence of Fleas”
What to do
- Call your trusted veterinarian and ask for the most suitable “flea treatment” for your dog and/or cat; he knows your 4-legged friends and can evaluate any specific risks related to their state of health.
- Before using the “anti-flea” product it is recommended: a) careful reading of the product label (package leaflet); b) the correct execution of:
i) methods of use; ii) precautions and safety advice indicated on the label.
- If possible, carry out the “flea treatment” and subsequent brushing/hairstyling outside your home.
Carry out, with care, frequent cleaning of your home and the places of shelter and/or rest of your pets (kennels, kennels, etc.) – refer to “How to prevent flea infestations”.
You have been bitten by fleas in the external appurtenances of your home but you have neither dogs nor cats neither in the house nor in the garden.
What to do
You have certainly visited a haunted place, for example:
- a bed where a flea-infested pet has died (even for some time);
- you have had a flea infested rat or mouse infestation and you have deratted;
- other (to be evaluated in the specific case).
Carefully carry out frequent cleaning of your home (refer to “How to prevent flea infestations” – infra -).
Before carrying out an insecticidal treatment against fleas, it is necessary to identify the main point of infestation; if you can’t do it alone / or advise an expert who will ask you appropriate questions and then can advise you to solve your problem.
In case of severe infestation (no longer controllable by cleaning) and in the presence of cats (very sensitive to some pyrethroid insecticides), the “do-it-yourself” insecticide treatment is not recommended without having planned, with experts: products, times (eg .: treatments at 0, 10 and 30 days) and methods.
There are fleas but you can’t find any signs of their presence
What to do
It is not always possible to ascertain without a shadow of a doubt (ie through entomological findings) the presence of fleas in a home or in a company in the initial stages of an infestation.
To identify an infestation in its initial stages (and intervene with careful cleaning minimizing the use of insecticides) it is advisable to brush/comb cats and/or dogs on white fabric and then collect the debris (and possibly capture the fallen fleas ). For the collection of debris and the capture of fleas, it is advisable to use a piece of transparent packaging tape (transparent parcel tape) to be placed on the fabric on which the brush has been made in order to glue the debris fallen from the animals on said tape – the exhibit is formed – to better manage the gummed tape,
Once the “collection strip” is formed, it will be easy and immediate to recognize, with a magnifying glass, the presence of fleas and/or their excrements (your trusted veterinarian will be able to guide you, for the first time, for recognition; alternatively Hygiene and Public Health Services of the AUSL will be able to inform you in the best possible way.
With this system you can make samples: on the sofas, under the sofa cushions, on the carpets, in the kennel etc.